This endorsement is required for driving a school bus. To receive this endorsement, applicants must pass a written test. The test consists of 20 multiple choice questions. To pass, the applicant must answer at least 16 questions correctly. Test questions come from the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania Commercial Driver’s Manual and Pennsylvania School Bus Driver Manual. Questions come from chapters covering: Passengers and School Buses. The School Bus endorsement can be used with the Class A, B or C CDL.
1. During a basic vehicle control skills test, you may be asked to:
Maneuvers that may be included in the basic vehicle control skills test include straight line backing, offset back/right parking, offset back/left parking, driver side parallel parking, conventional parallel parking, and alley docking.
2. When asked to make a lane change during the skills test, you should:
You will be asked to make multiple lane changes during the driving skills test. Before changing lanes, you should make the necessary traffic checks and use proper signals. Change lanes smoothly when you can do so safely.
3. A blind spot extends at least ____ behind a school bus.
A school bus has blind spots immediately below the side flat mirrors, immediately in front of the side flat mirrors, and directly behind the rear bumper. Rear blind spots typically extend 50 to 150 feet behind a bus but can sometimes extend up to 400 feet, depending on the length of the vehicle.
4. If you miss a student’s stop while bringing students home after school, you should:
If a school bus driver forgets to stop where a student is meant to unload, the driver should not back up to the stop. Instead, they should follow established local procedures.
5. A school bus must be evacuated if:
During emergency situations, it is usually safest for students to remain on a school bus. Evacuations are mandatory if the bus has stalled on railroad tracks, if the bus is on fire or there is a threat of fire, or if there is a hazardous materials spill. Students should be evacuated any time there is imminent danger of collision.
6. A school bus stop:
A school bus driver should not alter the location of a bus stop without written authorization of the appropriate school district officials.
7. If a school bus needs to be evacuated, passengers should:
If a school bus needs to be evacuated in the event of an emergency, the driver must quickly determine which exit or exits will be safest for students to use and direct the students to that exit.
Frequently Asked Questions
1. Obtain a Pennsylvania Commercial Learner's Permit (CLP) by passing the General Knowledge test and the Passenger Transport endorsement test (if not already included in the General Knowledge test).
2. Complete a Commercial Driver’s License (CDL) application form and pay the required fees.
3. Schedule and pass a skills test in a vehicle that requires a Class B or Class A CDL, with a passenger endorsement.
4. Pass a background check and provide proof of citizenship or legal presence in the United States.
5. Obtain a medical certificate from a certified medical examiner.
6. Submit all required documents to PennDOT.
Once you have completed all of these steps, you will receive your CDL with the Bus endorsement. It is important to note that you must have a CDL with the Passenger endorsement before you can obtain the Bus endorsement.
1. Be at least 18 years old to drive within Pennsylvania or at least 21 years old to drive interstate.
2. Possess a valid regular driver’s license.
3. Have no current license suspensions, revocations, or cancellations in any state.
4. Pass a vision test and obtain a medical certificate from a certified medical examiner.
5. Pass a knowledge test and obtain a Commercial Learner’s Permit (CLP).
6. Hold the CLP for at least 14 days before taking the skills test.
7. Successfully complete a skills test in a vehicle that requires a Class B or Class A CDL, with a passenger endorsement.
8. Pass a background check and provide proof of citizenship or legal presence in the United States.
9. Pay all required fees.
It is important to note that there are additional requirements for specific types of CDLs, such as the Hazardous Materials (HazMat) endorsement, Tanker endorsement, and Double/Triple trailer endorsement.
Additionally, some employers may require specific training or experience before hiring you as a bus driver. This may include training in passenger safety, vehicle inspection, and defensive driving techniques.
It is important to note that you will need to pass both a written knowledge test and a skills test to obtain your CDL Bus endorsement. Therefore, it is important to study the Pennsylvania CDL Driver's Manual and practice driving a commercial vehicle before attempting the tests.
1. Class B: This class includes any single vehicle with a gross vehicle weight rating (GVWR) of 26,001 pounds or more, or any such vehicle towing a trailer with a GVWR of less than 10,000 pounds. This class also includes any bus with a GVWR of 26,001 pounds or more that can transport more than 15 passengers.
2. Class C: This class includes any single vehicle with a GVWR of less than 26,001 pounds that is designed to transport 16 or more passengers (including the driver). This class also includes any vehicle used to transport hazardous materials that requires placards.
3. Class A: This class includes any combination of vehicles with a GVWR of 26,001 pounds or more, where the towed vehicle has a GVWR of 10,000 pounds or more. This class also includes any bus with a GVWR of 26,001 pounds or more that can transport more than 15 passengers.
It is important to note that you may also need to obtain additional endorsements for certain types of buses, such as a Passenger (P) endorsement for vehicles designed to carry more than 15 passengers and a School Bus (S) endorsement for vehicles used to transport students.
To take the CDL Bus driving test, you must provide a vehicle that meets the following requirements:
1. The vehicle must be in good condition and have a valid registration and insurance.
2. The vehicle must meet the weight and passenger capacity requirements for the class of license you are applying for.
3. The vehicle must be equipped with all the necessary safety features, such as seat belts, mirrors, turn signals, and brake lights.
4. The vehicle must have a valid inspection sticker.
If you do not have access to a suitable vehicle for the driving test, you may be able to rent one from a commercial driving school or training program. However, it is important to ensure that the rental vehicle meets all the necessary requirements.
1. Pre-trip Vehicle Inspection: You will be required to perform a pre-trip inspection of the vehicle to ensure that it is safe to operate. You will need to identify and explain any defects or safety hazards that you find during the inspection.
2. Basic Vehicle Control: You will be required to demonstrate your ability to control the vehicle in various maneuvers, such as backing up, turning, and parking. You will be evaluated on your ability to use the vehicle's controls, such as the steering wheel, brakes, and accelerator, as well as your ability to maintain proper spacing and control.
3. On-Road Driving: You will be required to drive the vehicle on public roads while demonstrating your ability to safely operate the vehicle in traffic. You will be evaluated on your ability to maintain proper lane positioning, obey traffic signs and signals, use proper turning techniques, and maintain a safe following distance.
During the driving test, you may also be required to perform additional maneuvers specific to the type of bus you are driving, such as loading and unloading passengers or driving on narrow roads or steep inclines.
It is important to practice these skills and maneuvers before taking the driving test and to ensure that you are familiar with all relevant traffic laws and regulations.
To obtain a CDL Bus endorsement in Pennsylvania, you must pass a medical examination conducted by a certified medical examiner. The medical examination will evaluate your overall health, including your vision, hearing, blood pressure, and ability to perform essential job functions. In addition, you will be required to provide a medical history and disclose any medications you are taking.
If you have certain medical conditions or take certain medications, you may be required to obtain a waiver from the FMCSA in order to obtain or maintain your CDL Bus endorsement. Medical conditions that may require a waiver include diabetes, sleep disorders, and certain cardiovascular conditions.
It is important to note that even if you pass the medical examination and meet all other requirements for a CDL Bus endorsement, you may lose your endorsement if your medical condition changes or if you fail to comply with ongoing medical requirements. Therefore, it is important to stay up-to-date on all medical examinations and to disclose any changes in your health or medications to your employer and the FMCSA.
To obtain a CDL Bus endorsement in Pennsylvania, you must pass a written knowledge test and a skills test that includes a pre-trip vehicle inspection, basic vehicle control, and on-road driving. In addition, you must meet all other requirements for obtaining a CDL, including passing a general knowledge test and obtaining any necessary endorsements for specific types of vehicles or cargo.
It is important to note that operating a commercial vehicle without the necessary CDL and endorsements can result in fines, license suspension or revocation, and even criminal charges in some cases. Moreover, it jeopardizes the safety of passengers and other road users.
Therefore, if you plan to operate a commercial vehicle designed to transport passengers for hire, it is important to obtain the appropriate CDL and endorsements and to comply with all relevant state and federal regulations.
To apply for a CDL Bus endorsement in Pennsylvania, you will need to complete the following steps:
1. Obtain a copy of Pennsylvania's Commercial Driver's License Manual from a PennDOT Driver License Center or download it from the PennDOT website.
2. Study the Bus section of the manual and familiarize yourself with the knowledge required to pass the written knowledge test.
3. Schedule an appointment at a PennDOT Driver License Center to take the written knowledge test.
4. Pass the written knowledge test by answering at least 80% of the questions correctly.
5. Schedule an appointment with a third-party CDL testing center to take the skills test for the Bus endorsement.
6. Pass the skills test by demonstrating your ability to safely operate a commercial vehicle designed to transport passengers.
7. Pay any required fees for adding the Bus endorsement to your CDL license.
Once you have completed these steps and passed both tests, your CDL license will be updated to include the Bus endorsement. It is important to note that you must maintain all other requirements for your CDL license, including any necessary endorsements and medical certifications, in order to continue operating commercial vehicles in Pennsylvania.
Some of the most common restrictions and limitations for drivers with a CDL Bus endorsement include:
1. Passenger Limitations: Drivers with a CDL Bus endorsement may only transport passengers in vehicles designed to transport 16 or more passengers, including the driver.
2. Endorsement Limitations: Drivers with a CDL Bus endorsement may only operate vehicles for which they have obtained the necessary endorsements, such as a School Bus or Passenger endorsement.
3. Medical Certification: Drivers with a CDL Bus endorsement must maintain a valid medical certification that meets the requirements for commercial vehicle operation.
4. Alcohol and Drug Use: Drivers with a CDL Bus endorsement are subject to stricter alcohol and drug use regulations than non-commercial drivers, including lower legal blood alcohol limits and mandatory drug testing.
5. Hours of Service: Drivers with a CDL Bus endorsement must comply with hours-of-service regulations that limit the amount of time they can spend driving and require them to take rest breaks at regular intervals.
6. Route Restrictions: Drivers with a CDL Bus endorsement may be subject to route restrictions based on the size and weight of their vehicle, as well as other factors such as road conditions or hazardous materials transportation.
It is important for drivers with a CDL Bus endorsement to understand and comply with all relevant restrictions and limitations in order to maintain their license and avoid penalties or fines.