This endorsement is required to haul any liquid or gaseous materials in a tank or tanks having a capacity of 1,000 gallons or more that is either permanently or temporarily attached to the vehicle or chassis. To receive this endorsement, applicants must pass a test. The test consists of 20 multiple choice questions. Each question has four answer choices. To pass, the applicant must answer at least 16questions correctly. Test questions come from the New York State Commercial Motor Vehicle Drivers Handbook. Questions come from chapters covering: Driving Safely, Combination Vehicles and Doubles and Triples. The Tank endorsement can be used with the Class A, B or C CDL.
1. When driving:
It is important to communicate your intentions to others on the road. Make sure to signal before turning or changing lanes, even if no other vehicles are nearby.
2. When using a turn signal, you should not:
Always signal well ahead of a turn or lane change. Signal continuously until you have completed the turn or lane change, then be sure to cancel the signal so you do not confuse other drivers.
3. The trailer hand valve:
The trailer hand valve should not be used for parking. This could cause all of the air to leak out of the braking system, resulting in the brakes releasing. Instead, use the parking brake.
4. When entering or crossing traffic while driving a combination vehicle, it is especially important that you:
Combination vehicles require more space on the road than other vehicles. When entering or crossing traffic while driving a combination vehicle, it is especially important that there is a large enough gap in traffic for you to safely do so.
5. Truck tractors with air brakes built on or after March 1, 1997 must have:
Truck tractors with air brakes built on or after March 1, 1997 must be equipped with Anti-Lock Braking Systems (ABS).
6. What is another name for the service line?
The service line, also called the control line or signal line, carries air to the trailer brakes and is controlled by the foot brake or trailer hand brake.
7. Most heavy-duty vehicles use ____ air brake systems.
The majority of heavy-duty vehicles are equipped with dual air brake systems.
Frequently Asked Questions
1. Meet the eligibility criteria: You must have a valid New York state CDL with the appropriate class and endorsements, pass a written test, and meet the physical and medical requirements.
2. Study for the Tank endorsement test: You can download the Tank endorsement study guide from the New York State Department of Motor Vehicles (DMV) website, or obtain a hard copy at your local DMV office. The study guide covers information about safe driving practices, inspection procedures, and other important topics related to transporting liquids or gases in tanks.
3. Schedule and take the Tank endorsement test: Once you feel confident in your knowledge of the material, you can schedule an appointment to take the Tank endorsement test at your local DMV office. The test consists of 20 multiple-choice questions, and you must score at least 80% to pass.
4. Pay the applicable fee: There is a fee for taking the Tank endorsement test. You can find out about current fees on the DMV website or by contacting your local DMV office.
5. Receive your Tank endorsement: Once you have passed the Tank endorsement test and paid any necessary fees, you will receive your new CDL with the Tank endorsement added to it.
It's important to note that obtaining a Tank endorsement also requires passing a Transportation Security Administration (TSA) background check. This process can take several weeks, so be sure to factor in enough time before scheduling your Tank endorsement test.
1. Be at least 18 years old: You must be at least 18 years old to drive a commercial vehicle within the state of New York (intrastate), and at least 21 years old to drive a commercial vehicle across state lines (interstate).
2. Have a valid New York State CDL: You must already hold a valid New York State CDL with the appropriate class for the type of vehicle you plan to operate.
3. Pass a Tank endorsement knowledge test: You must pass a written test on the knowledge required for operating a tank vehicle, which includes topics like proper loading and unloading procedures, safe driving practices, and emergency response.
4. Pass a Tank vehicle skills test: You must also pass a skills test that demonstrates your ability to safely operate a tank vehicle, which includes performing pre-trip inspections, backing up, and negotiating turns.
5. Meet medical requirements: You must meet the medical requirements set forth by the Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration (FMCSA) to ensure that you are physically capable of operating a commercial vehicle safely.
6. Pass a Transportation Security Administration (TSA) background check: To obtain a Tank endorsement, you must pass a TSA background check to ensure that you do not pose a security risk to the United States.
It's important to note that if you are applying for a Hazardous Materials (HazMat) endorsement in addition to your Tank endorsement, additional requirements apply.
The Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration (FMCSA) requires all drivers of tank vehicles to be trained in the following areas:
1. Tank vehicle operation and safety: This includes understanding the unique characteristics of tank vehicles, such as their center of gravity and the effects of liquid surge.
2. Loading and unloading procedures: Tank vehicles require special loading and unloading procedures to prevent spills, leaks, and other hazards.
3. Emergency response: Drivers must be trained in responding to emergencies such as leaks, spills, and fires.
4. Hazardous materials (HazMat) awareness: If you are transporting hazardous materials in your tank vehicle, you must be trained in HazMat awareness.
In addition to specialized training, it is also recommended that you have experience operating commercial vehicles before obtaining a CDL Tank endorsement. This will help you build the skills and confidence needed to safely operate a tank vehicle on the road.
The Tank Vehicle endorsement written test covers topics such as:
1. Loading and unloading procedures
2. Tank vehicle inspection
3. Safe driving practices
4. Emergency response
5. Liquid surge and its effect on tank vehicles
You must answer at least 80% of the questions correctly to pass the Tank Vehicle endorsement written test. Keep in mind that if you are also applying for a Hazardous Materials (HazMat) endorsement, you will need to pass an additional HazMat knowledge test.
It is important to study and prepare for the Tank Vehicle endorsement written test to ensure that you pass it on your first attempt. You can find study materials and practice tests online or through your CDL training program.
1. Tank vehicle inspection: You may be asked about the specific parts and components of a tank vehicle that need to be inspected before and after a trip.
2. Loading and unloading procedures: Questions may cover the proper loading and unloading procedures for different types of liquids, as well as how to prevent spills and leaks.
3. Safe driving practices: You may be asked about how to drive a tank vehicle safely, including how to handle turns, braking, and acceleration.
4. Emergency response: Questions may focus on how to respond in case of an emergency, such as a spill or a leak.
5. Liquid surge: You may be asked about the effects of liquid surge on a tank vehicle, as well as how to minimize its impact.
It's important to study these topics thoroughly before taking the Tank endorsement written test. You can find study materials and practice tests online or through your CDL training program.
The skills test will consist of three parts:
1. Pre-trip inspection: You will be required to conduct an inspection of your tank vehicle to ensure that it is in good working condition and safe to operate.
2. Basic vehicle control: You will demonstrate your ability to control the tank vehicle in a closed course environment, including skills such as backing up, turning, and parking.
3. On-road driving: You will be required to demonstrate your ability to safely operate a tank vehicle on the road, including skills such as shifting gears, accelerating and braking smoothly, and maintaining proper speed and following distance.
During the on-road driving portion of the skills test, the examiner may also observe your ability to handle specific situations that may arise when operating a tank vehicle, such as dealing with liquid surge or maintaining control during an emergency.
It's important to practice these skills thoroughly before taking the CDL Tank endorsement test. Consider enrolling in a CDL training program that includes hands-on instruction with tank vehicles.
1. Endorsement Required: First and foremost, you must have a valid CDL with a Tank endorsement to operate a tank vehicle.
2. Knowledge Test Required: You must pass the Tank endorsement written test to obtain a Tank endorsement.
3. Skills Test Required: You must pass the Tank vehicle skills test to obtain a CDL with a Tank endorsement.
4. Age Requirement: In New York, you must be at least 21 years old to operate a tank vehicle across state lines or carry hazardous materials.
5. Endorsement Validity: Your Tank endorsement is valid for 5 years, after which you will need to renew it by passing the Tank endorsement written test again.
6. Training Required: Before operating a tank vehicle, you must complete specialized training on the safe operation of tank vehicles and the hazards associated with transporting liquids or gases.
7. Hazmat Endorsement: If you plan to transport hazardous materials in addition to liquids or gases, you will need to obtain a Hazmat endorsement in addition to your Tank endorsement.
It's important to be aware of these restrictions and limitations if you plan to operate a tank vehicle with a CDL Tank endorsement in New York or elsewhere. Be sure to follow all federal and state regulations related to the safe transportation of liquids and gases.
If you are caught transporting liquids or gases in a tank vehicle without the required Tank endorsement, you could face fines, penalties, and even the suspension or revocation of your commercial driver's license. It's important to always follow federal and state regulations related to commercial vehicle operation and ensure that you have the appropriate endorsements and training for the type of vehicle you plan to operate.
If you are unsure whether your vehicle requires a CDL Tank endorsement, consult with your employer or a qualified CDL training provider. They can help you determine which endorsements are required for your specific situation.
1. Study for the Tank endorsement exam: You will need to pass a written knowledge test that covers topics related to the safe operation of tank vehicles, such as loading and unloading, handling and transporting hazardous materials, and inspecting and maintaining tanks.
2. Take the Tank endorsement exam: You will need to take the written knowledge test at a Department of Motor Vehicles (DMV) office or an approved testing center.
3. Pass the Tank vehicle skills test: After passing the written test, you will need to take a Tank vehicle skills test, which includes a pre-trip inspection, basic vehicle control, and on-road driving.
4. Pay the required fees: There may be fees associated with adding the Tank endorsement to your CDL license. Check with your local DMV office for more information.
It's important to note that you must already have a CDL license before you can add a Tank endorsement. If you don't have a CDL license yet, you will need to apply for a new license with the required endorsements.
Also, keep in mind that adding endorsements may require additional training or certification. Be sure to check with your employer or a qualified CDL training provider for more information on any additional requirements for adding a Tank endorsement to your CDL license in New York.
Some of the key requirements for handling hazardous materials with a CDL Tank endorsement include:
1. Properly identifying the hazardous materials: The HMR requires that all hazardous materials being transported be properly identified and labeled according to federal guidelines.
2. Adhering to specific rules for loading, unloading, and securing cargo: The HMR sets rules for loading, unloading, and securing cargo in tanker vehicles carrying hazardous materials.
3. Following specific routes and avoiding certain areas: The HMR requires that drivers transporting certain types of hazardous materials follow specific routes and avoid certain areas to reduce the risk of accidents or incidents.
4. Maintaining appropriate licenses and certifications: Drivers transporting hazardous materials must have appropriate licenses, certifications, and endorsements, including a CDL with a Tank endorsement.
5. Conducting regular inspections and maintenance: Drivers must inspect their tanker vehicle regularly to ensure that it is in good working condition and meets all safety requirements.
These are just a few examples of the requirements and regulations for handling hazardous materials with a CDL Tank endorsement in New York. It is important to follow all applicable laws and regulations to ensure the safe transportation of hazardous materials.