This endorsement is required to haul any liquid or gaseous materials in a tank or tanks having a capacity of 1,000 gallons or more that is either permanently or temporarily attached to the vehicle or chassis. To receive this endorsement, applicants must pass a test. The test consists of 20 multiple choice questions. Each question has three or four possible answer choices. To pass, the applicant must answer at least 16 questions correctly. Test questions come from the Maryland Commercial Driver Guide. Questions come from chapters covering: Driving Safely, Tank Vehicles, Hazardous Materials and Combination Vehicles. The Tank endorsement can be used with the Class A, B or C CDL.
1. When backing a truck, you should:
To remain aware of hazards behind your vehicle when backing, you should frequently check your mirrors on both sides of the vehicle. Have a helper watch your blind spots whenever possible.
2. A pre-trip inspection should include:
When examining the engine compartment during a pre-trip inspection, you should check the engine oil level, the radiator coolant level, and the condition of the hoses.
3. If cargo containing hazardous materials is leaking but the driver does not have access to a phone, they should:
If a cargo of hazardous materials begins to leak, do not move your vehicle any more than safety requires. If you continue to drive, an even larger area will become contaminated. Instead, you should park your vehicle, secure it, stay with the vehicle, and contact the proper emergency personnel. If you do not have access to a phone, you should send someone else to get help.
4. Which of the following is not a sign of bad brake drums or shoes?
Potential problems to check for when inspecting brakes include cracked drums; shoes or pads with oil, grease, or brake fluid on them; and shoes that are missing, broken, or worn dangerously thin.
5. If you must back up, it is helpful to:
If you must back up, you should exit the cab and check your path for obstacles before beginning the maneuver. Drive as slowly as you can, checking your mirrors on both sides.
6. If a vehicle is carrying hazardous cargo, placards must be placed:
Placards must be placed on the front, the rear, and both sides of a vehicle carrying hazardous cargo. They must be readable from any direction.
7. The safety belt should:
When inspecting your vehicle, you should verify that the safety belt is securely mounted, adjusts, latches properly, and is not ripped or frayed.
Frequently Asked Questions
1. Meet the eligibility requirements: You must have a valid Maryland CDL and be at least 21 years old to apply for a Tank endorsement. You must also pass a medical examination and have a clean driving record.
2. Study for the Tank endorsement exam: Obtain the Maryland CDL manual and study the Tank endorsement section thoroughly.
3. Schedule an appointment: Schedule an appointment at your local Maryland Motor Vehicle Administration (MVA) office to take the Tank endorsement exam.
4. Take the Tank endorsement exam: Pass the Tank endorsement exam, which consists of 20 multiple-choice questions.
5. Pay the fee: Pay the fee for adding the Tank endorsement to your CDL.
6. Receive your CDL with Tank endorsement: If you pass the exam and pay the fee, you will receive your new CDL with Tank endorsement in the mail within 7-10 business days.
Note: You may also need to complete additional training and testing requirements depending on the type of tank vehicle you will be operating.
1. Age: You must be at least 21 years old to apply for a CDL Tank license.
2. Valid CDL: You must hold a valid Maryland CDL.
3. Clean driving record: You must have a clean driving record with no serious traffic violations.
4. Medical certification: You must pass a medical examination and obtain a medical certificate to prove that you are physically fit to operate a tank vehicle.
5. Tank endorsement: You must pass the Tank endorsement exam and add the endorsement to your CDL.
6. Training and testing: Depending on the type of tank vehicle you will be operating, you may need to complete additional training and testing requirements, such as hazardous materials (HazMat) training or a skills test in a tank vehicle.
It's important to note that these requirements may vary depending on your specific situation, so it's best to check with the Maryland Motor Vehicle Administration (MVA) for the most up-to-date information and requirements.
If you will be operating a tank vehicle that transports HazMat, you will need to complete a HazMat training course that meets the requirements of 49 CFR Part 172, Subpart H. This training covers topics such as HazMat regulations, safety procedures, and emergency response.
In addition to HazMat training, some employers may require additional training for drivers who operate specialized tank vehicles, such as those used to transport liquids or gases. This training may cover topics such as loading and unloading procedures, handling of cargo, and vehicle maintenance.
It's important to note that these training requirements are in addition to the Tank endorsement exam and other CDL requirements. If you are unsure about whether you need any specific training or experience to obtain a CDL Tank endorsement, it's best to check with your employer or the Maryland Motor Vehicle Administration (MVA) for guidance.
The Tank endorsement test covers topics such as:
1. Inspection and maintenance of tank vehicles
2. Loading and unloading of tank vehicles
3. Safe driving practices for tank vehicles
4. Hazardous materials regulations and safety procedures
You will need to pass this test in addition to the other written tests required for your CDL, such as the general knowledge test and any other endorsements you may need.
It's important to note that the Tank endorsement test is not a substitute for any required training or experience needed to operate a tank vehicle. If you plan to operate a tank vehicle that transports hazardous materials (HazMat), you may also need to complete additional training requirements beyond the Tank endorsement test, as mentioned earlier.
1. Inspection and maintenance of tank vehicles: This includes knowledge of pre-trip inspections, checking for leaks, ensuring proper loading and unloading, and checking the emergency shut-off system.
2. Loading and unloading: This includes knowledge of proper procedures for loading and unloading liquids, gases, and other materials. It also covers the correct placement of baffles within the tank to prevent sloshing.
3. Driving practices: This includes knowledge of safe driving practices specific to operating a tank vehicle, such as avoiding sudden stops or turns that could cause liquids to slosh and knowing how to handle an emergency situation.
4. Hazardous materials regulations: This includes knowledge of federal and state regulations regarding the transportation of hazardous materials by tank vehicle. It covers requirements for labeling, placarding, and handling hazardous materials.
In addition to these topics, the written test may also cover general knowledge questions related to operating a commercial motor vehicle (CMV), such as air brakes, combination vehicles, and driving safely.
It's important to study all of these topics thoroughly before taking the Tank endorsement written test. The Tank endorsement is an important credential that allows you to legally operate tank vehicles on public roads, so it's important to take it seriously and ensure that you are fully prepared.
However, it's important to note that there may be skills or maneuvers that you will need to demonstrate during the practical portion of your CDL exam if you are seeking a Tank endorsement. The practical exam will test your ability to operate a tank vehicle safely and efficiently, and may include skills such as backing up, turning, and maneuvering in tight spaces.
During the practical exam, you will be required to demonstrate your proficiency in driving a tank vehicle, as well as your knowledge of the rules and regulations related to transporting hazardous materials. You may also be required to demonstrate your ability to inspect and maintain a tank vehicle.
It's important to practice driving a tank vehicle and become familiar with its handling characteristics before taking the practical exam. You should also ensure that you have all of the necessary endorsements and training required by federal and state regulations before attempting the practical exam.
Some of the restrictions and limitations for drivers with a CDL Tank endorsement include:
1. Endorsement specific: Drivers with a CDL Tank endorsement can only operate tank vehicles, and cannot operate other types of commercial motor vehicles without additional endorsements.
2. Hazardous materials endorsement: A CDL Tank endorsement alone does not allow a driver to transport hazardous materials in a tank vehicle. They must also have a Hazardous Materials (HazMat) endorsement on their CDL.
3. Weight restrictions: Tank vehicles have weight restrictions based on their size and the type of cargo they are carrying. Drivers with a CDL Tank endorsement must be aware of these restrictions and ensure that they do not exceed them.
4. Route limitations: Certain routes may be restricted to tank vehicles due to low bridges, weight limits, or other hazards. Drivers with a CDL Tank endorsement should be aware of these restrictions and plan their routes accordingly.
5. Training requirements: Drivers with a CDL Tank endorsement must complete specialized training related to the operation of tank vehicles and the transportation of hazardous materials.
It's important for drivers with a CDL Tank endorsement to be aware of these restrictions and limitations, as violating them can result in fines, penalties, or even the suspension or revocation of their CDL.
The Tank endorsement on your CDL indicates that you have passed a written test and demonstrated your ability to safely operate a tank vehicle. The HazMat endorsement indicates that you have passed a background check and demonstrated knowledge of regulations related to the transportation of hazardous materials.
Transporting hazardous materials without the proper endorsements can result in fines, penalties, and even criminal charges. It's important to ensure that you have the proper endorsements and training before transporting any hazardous materials.
Here are the steps to follow to add a CDL Tank endorsement to your existing CDL license:
1. Study for the Tank endorsement test: You can find study materials and practice tests on the Maryland Motor Vehicle Administration (MVA) website or by visiting a MVA office.
2. Schedule your Tank endorsement test: Once you feel confident in your knowledge of tank vehicle operation and hazardous materials transportation, you can schedule an appointment to take the written test at a MVA office.
3. Pass the Tank endorsement test: You must score at least 80% on the written test to pass and receive your CDL Tank endorsement.
4. Submit required documents: After passing the Tank endorsement test, you will need to submit required documents, such as your current CDL license and proof of residency, to the MVA.
5. Pay the required fees: You will need to pay a fee to add the Tank endorsement to your CDL license.
Once these steps are completed, you will receive an updated CDL license with the Tank endorsement added. It's important to note that if you are also transporting hazardous materials, you will need to obtain a HazMat endorsement in addition to the Tank endorsement.
Here are some of the key requirements and regulations for handling hazardous materials with a CDL Tank endorsement:
1. Properly placard your vehicle: You must display the appropriate placards on your vehicle to indicate that you are transporting hazardous materials.
2. Follow loading and unloading procedures: You must ensure that hazardous materials are loaded and unloaded safely, and that they are properly secured during transport.
3. Obey speed limits and other traffic laws: You must obey all traffic laws, including speed limits, while transporting hazardous materials.
4. Use proper equipment: You must use the proper equipment to transport hazardous materials, including hoses, pumps, and valves.
5. Follow emergency response procedures: You must be prepared to respond to emergencies involving hazardous materials, including spills or leaks.
6. Keep records: You must keep detailed records of the hazardous materials you are transporting, including their quantity and destination.
7. Attend regular training: You must attend regular training sessions to stay up-to-date on regulations related to the transportation of hazardous materials.
It's important to note that violations of these regulations can result in fines, penalties, and even criminal charges. It's essential that you understand these requirements and follow them closely when transporting hazardous materials with a CDL Tank endorsement.