This endorsement is required for driving a school bus. To receive this endorsement, applicants must pass a test. The test consists of 20 multiple choice questions. To pass, the applicant must answer at least 16 questions correctly. Each question has four possible answer choices. Test questions come from the New Jersey Commercial Driver License Manual. Questions come from chapters covering School Buses, Pre-Trip Vehicle Inspection Test, Basic Vehicle Control Skills Test and On-Road Driving. The School Bus endorsement can be used with the Class A, B or C CDL.
1. As a general rule, student safety is best maintained by:
In most emergency situations, students will be safest and best kept under control if they do not evacuate the school bus.
2. The overhead inside mirror should be adjusted to see:
The top portion of the overhead inside rearview mirror should be positioned to display the top of the bus's rear window. This mirror positioning should allow the driver to see all of the students on the bus, including the heads of the students sitting immediately behind the driver.
3. During the basic control skills test, you can acquire points by:
The examiner will score the number of times your vehicle touches or crosses an exercise boundary line. Each encroachment will count as an error, resulting in points against your skills test score.
4. A blind spot extends at least ____ behind a school bus.
A school bus has blind spots immediately below the side flat mirrors, immediately in front of the side flat mirrors, and directly behind the rear bumper. Rear blind spots typically extend 50 to 150 feet behind a bus but can sometimes extend up to 400 feet, depending on the length of the vehicle.
5. When checking the air and electrical lines during a vehicle inspection, all of the following should be true, except:
When examining the air and electrical lines as part of your vehicle inspection test, you must listen for leaks. Ensure that the air hoses and electrical lines are not cut, chafed, spliced, or worn. Make sure air and electrical lines are not tangled, pinched, or dragging against tractor parts.
6. When performing a pre-trip inspection, you should make sure that:
When checking your vehicle's pedals during a pre-trip inspection, you should ensure that there is nothing under or around the pedals that will obstruct their use. Make sure the pedals are in proper working condition and that the surfaces of the pedals are grooved, if applicable.
7. During a vehicle inspection, ensure that the landing gear is:
When inspecting a trailer during a vehicle inspection test, ensure that its landing gear has no missing parts and that it is fully raised. The crank handle should be secure and the support frame should not be damaged.
Frequently Asked Questions
1. Obtain a New Jersey Commercial Driver's License (CDL): You must already have a valid New Jersey CDL or obtain one by passing the CDL knowledge and skills tests.
2. Meet the eligibility requirements: You must be at least 18 years old, have a clean driving record, and not have any disqualifying criminal convictions.
3. Complete the Application: Fill out the CDL application form at a Motor Vehicle Commission (MVC) agency or online.
4. Pass a Bus Knowledge Test: You must pass a written knowledge test that covers topics such as loading and unloading passengers, pre-trip inspections, and safe driving practices.
5. Obtain a Commercial Learner Permit (CLP): Pass the knowledge test for the Bus endorsement and receive a CLP.
6. Complete CDL Bus Training: You must complete training that is specific to driving buses, including classroom instruction and behind-the-wheel training.
7. Pass the Road Skills Test: You must pass the road skills test in a bus that is similar to the one you will be driving.
8. Pay Fees: Pay the required fees for your new CDL Bus endorsement.
Once you have successfully completed all of these steps, you will receive your CDL Bus endorsement and can legally drive buses in New Jersey.
1. Age: You must be at least 18 years old to drive within the state of New Jersey and 21 years old to drive outside of the state or transport hazardous materials.
2. Valid driver's license: You must have a valid driver's license issued by the state of New Jersey.
3. Medical Requirements: You must submit a valid medical certificate from a certified medical examiner to prove that you are physically fit to operate a commercial vehicle.
4. Commercial Learner's Permit (CLP): You must obtain a CLP by passing the written knowledge test for the specific class of commercial vehicle you plan to drive.
5. CDL Training: You must complete CDL training that is specific to driving buses, including classroom instruction and behind-the-wheel training.
6. Road Test: You must pass the road skills test in a bus that is similar to the one you will be driving.
7. Background Check: You must have a clean driving record and not have any disqualifying criminal convictions.
Once you have met all of these requirements, you can apply for your CDL Bus license at a Motor Vehicle Commission (MVC) agency and pay the required fees.
1. Obtain a CDL: To obtain a CDL Bus endorsement, you must first obtain a New Jersey Commercial Driver's License (CDL).
2. Pass the Bus Knowledge Test: You must pass a written knowledge test that covers topics such as loading and unloading passengers, pre-trip inspections, and safe driving practices.
3. Obtain a Commercial Learner Permit (CLP): You must pass the knowledge test for the Bus endorsement and receive a CLP.
4. Complete CDL Bus Training: You must complete training that is specific to driving buses, including classroom instruction and behind-the-wheel training.
5. Pass the Road Skills Test: You must pass the road skills test in a bus that is similar to the one you will be driving.
It is also recommended that you have some experience driving larger vehicles before pursuing a CDL Bus endorsement. This experience can come from driving school buses, passenger vans, or other commercial vehicles. Additionally, some employers may require additional training or experience beyond what is required by the state before allowing you to drive a bus for their organization.
The following are the classes or types of CDL Bus licenses in New Jersey:
1. Class B CDL: This allows you to drive a single vehicle with a GVWR (Gross Vehicle Weight Rating) of 26,001 pounds or more, or a combination of vehicles with a GCWR (Gross Combination Weight Rating) of less than 26,001 pounds. This license is required for buses designed to transport more than 15 passengers.
2. Class A CDL: This allows you to drive a combination of vehicles with a GCWR (Gross Combination Weight Rating) of 26,001 pounds or more. This license is required for buses designed to transport more than 15 passengers and towing a trailer with a GVWR of 10,000 pounds or more.
3. Passenger Endorsement: This endorsement is required for drivers who operate vehicles designed to transport more than 15 passengers, including the driver.
4. School Bus Endorsement: This endorsement is required for drivers who operate school buses that transport students to and from school or school-related activities.
It's important to note that each class or type of CDL Bus license requires passing specific knowledge and skills tests related to that class or type of vehicle, as well as any necessary endorsements.
For the CDL Bus driving test, you will need to provide a vehicle that meets the following criteria:
1. Class B CDL: You will need to provide a bus with a GVWR of 26,001 pounds or more that is capable of carrying 16 or more passengers (including the driver).
2. Class A CDL: You will need to provide a combination of vehicles with a GCWR of 26,001 pounds or more that includes a bus with a GVWR of 26,001 pounds or more that is capable of carrying 16 or more passengers (including the driver) and a trailer with a GVWR of 10,001 pounds or more.
The vehicle you provide for the driving test must be registered and insured in New Jersey and must have valid inspection stickers. Additionally, it must be equipped with dual rear wheels and air brakes if required by the specific class or type of CDL Bus license you are trying to obtain.
It's important to note that if you are obtaining a CDL Bus license for employment purposes, your employer may provide the vehicle for the driving test.
The following are the skills and maneuvers that you will need to demonstrate during the CDL Bus driving test:
1. Pre-trip inspection: You will need to perform a pre-trip inspection of the vehicle to ensure that it is in good working condition and safe to operate.
2. Basic vehicle control: You will need to demonstrate your ability to control the vehicle, including backing up, turning, and parking.
3. On-road driving: You will need to demonstrate your ability to safely operate the vehicle in traffic, including merging, changing lanes, and making turns.
4. Emergency procedures: You will need to demonstrate your ability to respond to emergency situations, including brake failure, steering failure, and other unexpected events.
5. Passenger management: If you are obtaining a CDL Bus license with a passenger endorsement, you will also be tested on your ability to manage passengers and respond appropriately in the event of an emergency.
It's important to note that the specific skills and maneuvers tested may vary depending on the type of CDL Bus license you are obtaining. Additionally, you will need to pass both a skills test and a written knowledge test in order to obtain your CDL Bus license.
In addition to the general medical requirements for obtaining a CDL, drivers applying for a CDL Bus endorsement must meet the following requirements:
1. Vision: Drivers must have at least 20/40 vision with or without corrective lenses. They must also have at least 70 degrees of peripheral vision in each eye.
2. Hearing: Drivers must be able to hear a forced whisper from a distance of five feet or less with or without a hearing aid.
3. Blood pressure: Drivers must have a blood pressure reading of 140/90 or lower. If their blood pressure is higher, they will need to provide a medical certification from their doctor indicating that their condition is under control and does not pose a risk while driving.
4. Diabetes: Drivers with diabetes must provide a medical certification from their doctor indicating that their condition is under control and does not pose a risk while driving.
5. Other medical conditions: Drivers with other medical conditions that may affect their ability to drive safely may be required to provide additional medical certifications from their doctors.
It's important to note that drivers with certain disqualifying medical conditions may not be eligible for a CDL Bus endorsement. These conditions include epilepsy, insulin use, certain heart conditions, and certain psychiatric conditions, among others.
If you are driving a passenger vehicle that is designed to carry fewer than 16 passengers, such as a van or minibus, you may be able to operate the vehicle without a CDL Bus endorsement. However, it's important to note that there may be other requirements or regulations that apply, depending on the type of vehicle and the nature of your operation.
In general, it's always best to check with the New Jersey Motor Vehicle Commission (MVC) to determine what type of license or endorsement you need for your specific situation. The MVC can provide guidance on the requirements and regulations that apply, and can help ensure that you are operating in compliance with state and federal laws.
To add the CDL Bus endorsement to your license, you will need to:
1. Study for and pass the CDL Bus endorsement knowledge test. The knowledge test covers topics such as passenger safety, loading and unloading, and pre-trip inspection.
2. Schedule and pass a road skills test in a vehicle that requires a CDL Bus endorsement. The skills test will include tasks such as making turns, driving in traffic, and emergency procedures.
3. Submit an application for the CDL Bus endorsement to the MVC, along with any required documentation and fees.
It's important to note that adding a CDL Bus endorsement may also require additional medical or physical qualifications, as well as background checks or other screenings. Be sure to check with the MVC to determine what requirements apply in your specific situation.
Once you have successfully added the CDL Bus endorsement to your license, you will be authorized to operate commercial vehicles designed to transport 16 or more passengers, including the driver.
One important restriction is that drivers with a CDL Bus endorsement cannot operate a commercial vehicle that is transporting hazardous materials. If you need to transport hazardous materials, you will need to obtain a Hazardous Materials (HazMat) endorsement in addition to your CDL Bus endorsement.
Another limitation is that drivers with a CDL Bus endorsement are required to comply with certain federal regulations related to hours of service. These regulations limit the amount of time that commercial drivers can spend behind the wheel each day and each week, and require drivers to take regular rest breaks.
Additionally, drivers with a CDL Bus endorsement may be subject to more stringent medical requirements than other drivers. For example, they may be required to undergo more frequent medical exams or provide additional documentation or information about their health status.
It's important to note that these restrictions and limitations are in place for safety reasons, and are designed to help ensure that commercial drivers are operating their vehicles safely and responsibly. If you have questions about the specific regulations or requirements that apply to your situation, be sure to check with the New Jersey Motor Vehicle Commission or consult with a qualified CDL attorney.