This endorsement is required to haul any liquid or gaseous materials in a tank or tanks having a capacity of 1,000 gallons or more that is either permanently or temporarily attached to the vehicle or chassis. To receive this endorsement, applicants must pass a test. The test consists of 20 multiple choice questions. To pass, the applicant must answer at least 16 questions correctly. Test questions come from the Illinois Commercial Driver’s License Study Guide. Questions come from chapters covering: Driving Safely, Tank Vehicles and Combination Vehicles. The Tank endorsement can be used with the Class A, B or C CDL.
1. When steering to avoid a crash, you should:
When turning quickly to avoid colliding with a hazard in the roadway, you should always keep both hands on the steering wheel. You must have a firm grip on the wheel to be able to turn quickly.
2. When approaching a railroad crossing, you should:
Reduce your speed as you approach a railroad crossing. Remember that you will not necessarily be able to hear a train, and don't assume that signals will warn you of its approach. Never try to outdrive an approaching train at a railroad crossing.
3. If you realize you may be running late to your destination, you should:
To avoid engaging in dangerous and aggressive driving behavior, you should relax and accept any delays that arise throughout a trip. To help avoid the stress of arriving late to a destination, plan for likely delays when planning your drive.
4. When backing up to couple a trailer, you should position the tractor:
When backing up to couple a trailer, you should position the tractor directly in front of the trailer. Trying to couple while backing at an angle could cause the trailer to move and the landing gear to break.
5. If coolant has to be added to a system without a recovery tank, you should:
Before adding coolant to a system without a recovery or overflow tank, you must turn the engine off and wait until it cools. Use gloves or a thick cloth to protect your hands. To release the pressure seal, turn the radiator cap slowly to the first stop.
6. If you must make a quick stop while transporting liquids, one safe option is to:
If you must make a quick stop to avoid an accident while transporting liquid cargo, it may be a good idea to use the stab braking method. Remember that attempting to steer quickly while braking may cause your vehicle to tip over, especially if it has a high center of gravity.
7. Hydraulic brakes can fail due to:
Failure of hydraulic brakes is often caused by a loss of hydraulic pressure. Hydraulic brakes may also fade because of overuse on a long downgrade.
Frequently Asked Questions
1. Obtain a Commercial Driver's License (CDL): You must have a CDL before you can apply for a Tank endorsement. To obtain a CDL, you must pass a written knowledge test and a skills test.
2. Meet the Tank endorsement requirements: You must meet the following requirements to be eligible for a Tank endorsement:
- You must be at least 21 years old.
- You must have a valid medical certificate.
- You must pass the Tanker Vehicles Endorsement Test.
3. Study Tanker Vehicles endorsement materials: You should study the Illinois Commercial Driver License Study Guide and the tankers section of the guide.
4. Schedule an appointment at a Secretary of State facility: Once you have studied and are ready to take the test, you can schedule an appointment at your nearest Secretary of State facility.
5. Take the Tanker Vehicles Endorsement Test: On the day of your appointment, you will take the written Tanker Vehicles Endorsement Test. If you pass the test, your CDL will be updated to include the Tanker endorsement.
Note: You may also need to pass additional tests depending on the type of tanker vehicle you plan to operate (e.g., hazardous materials).
1. Age: You must be at least 21 years old to operate a commercial vehicle across state lines or carry hazardous materials.
2. CDL: You must have a valid Commercial Driver's License (CDL). You cannot apply for a Tank endorsement without a CDL.
3. Medical Certificate: You must have a valid medical certificate that meets the requirements of the Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration (FMCSA). The certificate must be issued by a licensed medical examiner listed on the National Registry of Certified Medical Examiners.
4. Tanker Vehicles Endorsement Test: You must pass the Tanker Vehicles Endorsement Test, which consists of written questions related to tanker vehicles.
5. Background Check: You must pass a background check that includes your driving history and criminal record.
6. Additional Tests: Depending on the type of cargo you plan to transport, you may need to pass additional tests, such as the Hazardous Materials Endorsement (HME) test.
Note: These are general requirements for obtaining a CDL Tank endorsement in Illinois. Additional requirements may apply depending on your specific situation and the type of vehicle you plan to operate.
It is also recommended that you gain some experience operating a commercial vehicle before applying for a CDL Tank endorsement. This will help you become familiar with the basics of driving a commercial vehicle and develop the necessary skills to safely operate a tanker vehicle.
In addition, if you plan to transport hazardous materials, you must complete specialized training and obtain a Hazardous Materials Endorsement (HME) in addition to your Tank endorsement. This involves additional training and testing on the safe handling and transportation of hazardous materials.
1. The characteristics of tanker vehicles and the challenges they present
2. Proper loading and unloading techniques
3. Hazardous materials regulations and safety procedures
4. Special rules and procedures for transporting liquids or gases in bulk
You will also need to pass a general knowledge test covering standard CDL information, such as driving techniques, safety procedures, and traffic laws.
If you plan to transport hazardous materials, you will need to take an additional written test covering hazardous materials regulations and safety procedures.
In addition to the written tests, you will also need to pass a skills test in which you demonstrate your ability to safely operate a tanker vehicle on the road. This includes maneuvers such as backing up, parallel parking, and navigating through traffic.
1. Tanker Vehicle Inspection: This section covers the pre-trip inspection of a tanker vehicle, including the inspection of tank, pumps, hoses, valves, and emergency equipment.
2. Tanker Vehicle Operation: This section covers the safe operation of a tanker vehicle, including how to safely control the vehicle's weight and balance while transporting liquids or gases.
3. Special Driving Considerations: This section covers special driving considerations for tanker vehicles, such as how to handle curves, hills, and other road hazards.
4. Hazardous Materials: If you plan to transport hazardous materials, this section will cover key safety considerations and regulations related to the transportation of hazardous materials.
5. Emergency Procedures: This section covers emergency procedures related to the transportation of liquids or gases in bulk, such as how to respond in case of a spill or leak.
It's important to study these topics carefully before taking the CDL Tank endorsement written test to ensure you have a solid understanding of the information needed to pass.
1. Pre-trip inspection: You will be required to perform a pre-trip inspection of the tanker vehicle and identify any potential safety hazards.
2. Coupling and uncoupling: You will need to show that you can safely couple and uncouple the trailer from the tractor.
3. Straight line backing: You will need to back up the tanker vehicle in a straight line for a certain distance.
4. Offset backing: You will need to back up the tanker vehicle into a space that is offset from your starting position.
5. Parallel parking: You will need to park the tanker vehicle in a parallel parking space.
6. Lane change: You will need to change lanes while driving the tanker vehicle, while observing traffic and safety rules.
7. Road test: You will need to demonstrate safe driving on the road while operating the tanker vehicle, including accelerating, braking, turning, and stopping.
It's important to practice these maneuvers in advance so that you feel confident and comfortable when it comes time for your CDL Tank endorsement test.
1. Endorsement Required: Drivers with a CDL Tank endorsement are only permitted to operate vehicles that require a tank endorsement.
2. Vehicle Type: The endorsement is specific to the type of vehicle you will be driving. For example, if you receive a Tanker endorsement for a liquid tanker, you cannot operate a gas tanker without obtaining an additional endorsement.
3. Cargo Type: The endorsement is also specific to the type of cargo you will be transporting. If you receive an endorsement for a liquid tanker, you cannot transport hazardous materials in bulk without obtaining an additional hazardous materials endorsement.
4. Weight Limitations: Tanker vehicles have weight limitations that vary depending on the type of tanker and cargo being transported, so drivers with a Tanker endorsement must comply with these weight restrictions.
5. Special Endorsement: If you plan to transport hazardous materials in bulk, you will need to obtain an additional hazardous materials endorsement.
6. Safety Regulations: Drivers with a Tanker endorsement must comply with all safety regulations related to the transportation of liquids or gases in bulk, including proper handling and storage of hazardous materials.
It's important to understand these restrictions and limitations before operating a tanker vehicle with a CDL Tank endorsement to ensure compliance with state laws and regulations.
The Tank endorsement is required for vehicles that have a tank or tanks with a capacity of 119 gallons or more that are either permanently or temporarily attached to the vehicle. This includes tanks used for transporting liquids or gases, such as fuel, chemicals, propane, or water.
If you are caught operating a tanker vehicle without the required CDL Tank endorsement, you may face fines or other penalties. Additionally, you may be putting yourself and others at risk by operating a vehicle for which you are not properly trained and qualified.
Therefore, it is important to obtain the required endorsements before operating such vehicles to ensure compliance with state laws and regulations and to ensure safety on the road.
To add the Tank endorsement, you must meet all the requirements for obtaining a CDL in Illinois, including passing a knowledge test and a skills test specific to tank vehicles. You will also need to pay a fee for the updated license.
To apply for the updated CDL license, you will need to bring your current CDL license, proof of identity, and proof of residency to the Illinois Secretary of State's office. You will also need to provide proof of passing the required knowledge and skills tests for the Tanker endorsement.
Once you have completed all the requirements and paid the fee, your updated CDL license with the Tanker endorsement will be issued. This will allow you to legally operate commercial vehicles with tanks in Illinois.
In addition to the Tanker endorsement, you may also need to obtain a Hazardous Materials (HazMat) endorsement on your CDL license if you plan to transport hazardous materials. The HazMat endorsement requires additional knowledge and skills tests and a security threat assessment.
Here are some of the general requirements for handling hazardous materials with a CDL Tank endorsement:
1. You must be properly trained and qualified to handle hazardous materials.
2. You must follow all DOT regulations for transporting hazardous materials, including proper labeling, packaging, and handling.
3. You must have an emergency response plan in place in case of an accident or spill.
4. You must have proper safety equipment, such as fire extinguishers, spill kits, and personal protective equipment (PPE).
5. You must follow specific rules for parking and securing your vehicle when transporting hazardous materials.
6. You must be aware of the routes you are taking and any restrictions or regulations that may apply.
7. You must be familiar with the type of hazardous materials you are transporting and their potential hazards.
It is important to note that there are severe penalties for violating any DOT rules or regulations related to the transportation of hazardous materials. Therefore, it is crucial to obtain the proper training and follow all rules and regulations to ensure safety on the road.