This endorsement is required to haul any liquid or gaseous materials in a tank or tanks having a capacity of 1,000 gallons or more that is either permanently or temporarily attached to the vehicle or chassis. To receive this endorsement, applicants must pass a test. The test consists of 20 multiple choice questions. Each question has four possible answer choices. To pass, the applicant must answer at least 16 questions correctly. Test questions come from the West Virginia Commercial Driver’s License Manual. Questions come from chapters covering: Driving Safely, Tank Vehicles, Hazardous Materials and Combination Vehicles. The Tank endorsement can be used with the Class A, B or C CDL.
1. Which of the following is not a rule for using turn signals?
Always signal before a turn or lane change. Begin signaling well in advance of the movement and keep the signal on continuously during the turn. If it is not self-canceling, make sure to turn your signal off after your turn or lane change is complete.
2. If you must make a quick stop while transporting liquids, one safe option is to:
If you must make a quick stop to avoid an accident while transporting liquid cargo, it may be a good idea to use the stab braking method. Remember that attempting to steer quickly while braking may cause your vehicle to tip over, especially if it has a high center of gravity.
3. When inspecting the engine compartment, you should not:
When inspecting the engine compartment, you should check the oil level, coolant level, and windshield washer fluid level, among other things.
4. Class 1, Class 2.1, and Class 3 items should not be placed in a trailer with:
The use of cargo heaters is not always permitted. When transporting materials that are categorized as Class 1 (Explosives), Class 2.1 (Flammable Gas), or Class 3 (Flammable Liquids) materials, heaters are generally prohibited.
5. If oil and water build up in your vehicle's air tanks, the brakes:
Air tanks should be drained daily to remove water and oil buildup. An excess of oil and water in the air tanks can interfere with proper brake function.
6. To control a surge, brakes should:
To help reduce the risk of front-to-back surge when stopping a tank vehicle, keep steady pressure applied to the brakes. Do not release them too quickly after coming to a stop.
7. What can be a clue that a shipment may contain hazardous materials?
One clue that a shipment may contain hazardous materials is that the shipper is in a line of business that you would expect to involve hazardous materials. Examples of such businesses include paint dealers, chemical suppliers, scientific supply houses, pest control companies, agricultural suppliers, and dealers in explosives, fireworks, or munitions.
Frequently Asked Questions
1. Obtain a Commercial Driver's License (CDL) by passing the required knowledge and skills tests. You can apply for a CDL at any West Virginia DMV location.
2. Have a valid Medical Certificate, which verifies that you are physically fit to operate a commercial vehicle.
3. Study for the Tanker endorsement test by reviewing the Tanker section in the West Virginia CDL Handbook. You can download the handbook from the West Virginia DMV website or pick up a copy at any DMV location.
4. Schedule and pass the Tanker endorsement test at a West Virginia DMV location. The test consists of 20 multiple-choice questions, and you must answer at least 16 correctly to pass.
5. Pay the required fee for the Tanker endorsement, which is currently $10 in addition to any other CDL fees.
6. Once you have passed the Tanker endorsement test and paid the fee, your CDL will be updated to include the Tanker endorsement.
It's important to note that you must already have a CDL before you can obtain any endorsements, including the Tanker endorsement. Additionally, you may be required to complete additional training or meet other requirements before you can operate certain types of commercial vehicles with a Tanker endorsement, so be sure to check with your employer or the West Virginia DMV for any additional requirements or restrictions.
1. Age: You must be at least 18 years old to drive a commercial vehicle within West Virginia or 21 years old if you plan to drive across state lines or transport hazardous materials.
2. Valid Driver's License: You must have a valid driver's license issued by the state of West Virginia.
3. Medical Certification: You must obtain a valid medical certification from a certified medical examiner listed on the National Registry of Certified Medical Examiners.
4. Commercial Learner's Permit (CLP): Before taking the skills test, you must obtain a CLP, which requires passing a series of knowledge tests.
5. CDL Skills Test: You must pass a skills test that includes a pre-trip inspection, backing maneuver, and driving test with the type of tank vehicle you plan to operate.
6. Tanker Endorsement Test: You must pass a written knowledge test specific to tank vehicles and obtain a tanker endorsement on your CDL.
7. Background Check: A background check is conducted for all CDL applicants, and certain criminal convictions may disqualify you from obtaining a CDL.
It's important to note that additional requirements may apply depending on the type of tank vehicle you plan to operate, such as completing additional training or obtaining other endorsements. Be sure to check with your employer or the West Virginia DMV for any additional requirements or restrictions.
Many employers prefer or require drivers to have some experience operating tank vehicles before hiring them. Additionally, some employers may provide additional training specific to tank vehicles before allowing drivers to operate them.
It's also important to note that certain types of tank vehicles, such as those used for transporting hazardous materials, may require additional training and certification beyond the CDL and Tanker endorsement. Be sure to check with your employer or the West Virginia DMV for any additional requirements or restrictions.
The Tanker endorsement test covers topics such as:
- Inspecting and driving tank vehicles
- Identifying proper load weight and distribution
- Handling emergencies
- Understanding the risks associated with hazardous materials
You must pass this written test with a score of at least 80% to obtain the Tanker endorsement on your CDL.
In addition to the Tanker endorsement test, you may be required to complete additional training or certification depending on the type of tank vehicle you plan to operate. It's important to check with your employer or the West Virginia DMV for any specific requirements or restrictions.
1. Inspecting Tank Vehicles: You will be tested on how to perform a pre-trip inspection of a tank vehicle, including identifying potential hazards, checking for leaks, and ensuring that tank valves and fittings are secure.
2. Tank Vehicle Safety: You will be tested on how to safely operate a tank vehicle, including how to handle a rollover or other emergency situation, how to use your mirrors effectively, and how to prevent cargo from shifting or sloshing.
3. Cargo Loading and Unloading: You will be tested on how to properly load and unload cargo from a tank vehicle, including understanding weight distribution and capacity, and knowing how to handle hazardous materials.
4. Hazardous Materials: You will be tested on your knowledge of hazardous materials regulations, including identifying hazardous materials placards, understanding emergency response procedures, and knowing how to use protective equipment.
5. Driving Techniques: You will be tested on your knowledge of safe driving techniques for tank vehicles, including maintaining proper speed and following distance, turning safely with a tank vehicle, and managing the effects of wind and other weather conditions.
It's important to study these topics thoroughly in order to pass the Tank endorsement written test in West Virginia.
Here are some of the skills and maneuvers you may need to demonstrate during your CDL skills test for the Tank endorsement:
1. Vehicle Inspection: You will need to perform a pre-trip inspection of a tank vehicle, including identifying potential hazards, checking for leaks, and ensuring that tank valves and fittings are secure.
2. Coupling and Uncoupling: You will need to demonstrate how to properly couple and uncouple a trailer from your tank vehicle.
3. Backing Up: You will need to demonstrate your ability to back up your tank vehicle safely and accurately.
4. Driving Skills: You will need to demonstrate your ability to drive a tank vehicle safely on the road, including maintaining proper speed and following distance, turning safely with a tank vehicle, and managing the effects of wind and other weather conditions.
It's important to check with your driving school or the West Virginia DMV for any specific requirements or restrictions related to Tank endorsement skills tests.
Here are some of the restrictions and limitations for drivers with a CDL Tank endorsement in West Virginia:
1. Endorsement Required: You must have a Tank endorsement on your CDL in order to drive a tank vehicle.
2. Transporting Hazardous Materials: If you are transporting hazardous materials in your tank vehicle, you will need to have a Hazardous Materials (Hazmat) endorsement on your CDL as well.
3. Tank Vehicle Only: Your Tank endorsement is only valid for driving tank vehicles, and does not allow you to drive other types of commercial vehicles.
4. Tank Size Limitations: Your Tank endorsement may have size limitations based on the size of the tank you are driving.
5. Testing Requirements: You may need to pass additional skills and knowledge tests in order to obtain or renew your Tank endorsement, depending on the type of tank vehicle you will be driving.
It's important to follow all restrictions and limitations that apply to your CDL Tank endorsement in order to ensure the safety of yourself and others on the road.
Without a CDL Tank endorsement, you will not be legally authorized to operate a commercial motor vehicle that is designed to transport liquids and gases in tanks. If you are caught transporting these materials without the proper endorsement, you may face fines, penalties, and possibly even the suspension or revocation of your commercial driver's license.
To add the Tank endorsement to your CDL, you will need to:
1. Study for the Tank endorsement test: You will need to study the Tank endorsement section of the West Virginia Commercial Driver's License Manual and take a practice test to prepare for the knowledge test.
2. Pass the Tank endorsement knowledge test: You will need to take and pass a Tank endorsement knowledge test at a DMV testing location.
3. Pass the Tank endorsement skills test: You will need to pass a Tank endorsement skills test, which includes a pre-trip inspection, basic control skills, and an on-road driving test in a tank vehicle.
4. Pay the required fee: You will need to pay the required fee for adding the Tank endorsement to your CDL license.
Once you have completed these steps, your CDL license will be updated with the Tank endorsement. It's important to note that if you are also transporting hazardous materials in your tank vehicle, you will need to obtain a Hazardous Materials (Hazmat) endorsement in addition to your Tank endorsement.
To transport hazardous materials with a CDL Tank endorsement in West Virginia, you must also obtain a Hazardous Materials (HazMat) endorsement. The HazMat endorsement requires additional testing and background checks.
In addition to the HazMat endorsement, you must follow specific regulations when transporting hazardous materials with a tank:
1. You must have a valid tank vehicle endorsement on your CDL.
2. Your tank vehicle must be in good condition and meet all safety requirements.
3. You must follow all federal and state regulations for handling hazardous materials, including labeling, placarding, and packaging requirements.
4. You must have the correct amount of insurance coverage for transporting hazardous materials.
5. You must follow all special rules for transporting specific types of hazardous materials, such as explosives or radioactive materials.
6. You must have a copy of your HazMat endorsement and any required permits or paperwork on hand while transporting hazardous materials.
7. You must follow any additional regulations set by your employer or the company hiring you to transport hazardous materials.
It's important to note that violations of hazardous material transportation regulations can result in fines, penalties, and even criminal charges. As a CDL driver transporting hazardous materials with a tank, it's essential to be familiar with all applicable regulations and follow them closely to ensure safety on the road.