Knowledge Test Class B
This license is required for driving a single vehicle with a GVWR of more than 26,001 pounds, and a trailer not to exceed 10,000 pounds gross vehicle weight rating, or a vehicle designed to transport 24 or more people (including the driver). To receive this license, applicants must pass a 50-question test. To pass, applicants must answer 40 questions correctly. Each question has three or four possible answer choices. Test questions come from the South Dakota Commercial Driver License Manual. Questions come from chapters covering: Introduction, Driving Safely, Transporting Cargo Safely, Air Brakes (if applicable), Pre-Trip Vehicle Inspection Test, Basic Vehicle Control Skills Test and On-Road Driving.. Endorsements that may be used with a Class B CDL are: Hazardous materials, Tank, Passenger, HazMat and Tank, Air Brakes and School bus.
1. Driving with a cargo of hanging meat in a trailer:
An operator should drive with care when transporting a cargo of hanging meat. Such a load is unstable, both because it has a high center of gravity and because the swinging of the meat can affect the driver's handling of the vehicle.
2. Oversized loads:
Special permits are required for loads that are over-size, over-length, or overweight.
3. When traveling down a steep grade, you switch into a lower gear:
You should shift your vehicle's transmission into a low gear before staring a downhill grade. Be prepared for gravity to increase your vehicle's speed when traveling downhill.
4. If a tire fails, you should:
Using the brakes after a tire failure could cause you to lose control of your vehicle. Unless you're about to hit something, stay off of the brake until the vehicle has slowed sufficiently.
5. If a driver begins to feel fatigued while driving, they should:
If you begin to feel drowsy while driving, the only safe response is to safely leave the road and get some sleep. Using artificial stimulants can be dangerous because they may cause extreme fatigue when they begin to wear off.
6. Cargo with a high center of gravity:
Cargo with a high center of gravity makes a vehicle more likely to tip over than cargo with a low center of gravity. For this reason, it is important that the weight of cargo be distributed as low as possible.
7. Hanging meat as a cargo:
Hanging meat can be an unstable load in a vehicle. The truck may become top-heavy and steering may be inhibited by the swinging meat. Drivers carrying such loads should use particular caution when traveling around sharp curves, such as highway entrance and exit ramps.
Frequently Asked Questions
To obtain a Class B CDL in South Dakota, you must:
1. Meet the age requirement: You must be at least 18 years old to obtain a Class B CDL in South Dakota.
2. Have a valid South Dakota driver's license: You must possess a valid South Dakota driver's license and have held it for at least one year.
3. Pass the knowledge test: You must pass the general knowledge test and any other applicable endorsement tests required for the type of vehicle you plan to operate.
4. Obtain a learner's permit: You must obtain a learner's permit and hold it for at least 14 days before taking the skills test.
5. Pass the skills test: You must pass the skills test which includes a pre-trip inspection, basic vehicle control, and on-road driving.
6. Meet medical requirements: You must meet the medical requirements set forth by the Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration (FMCSA).
Once you have completed these steps, you can apply for your Class B CDL at your local South Dakota Driver Licensing Office.
Some examples of the types of vehicles that you can operate with a Class B CDL license in South Dakota include:
- Straight trucks (such as delivery trucks and dump trucks) with a GVWR of 26,001 pounds or more
- Buses (such as school buses and city buses) designed to transport 16 or more passengers including the driver
- Large tow trucks that have a GVWR of 26,001 pounds or more and are equipped to transport other vehicles
It is important to note that if you need to operate a vehicle that requires additional endorsements such as hazardous materials or passenger endorsements, you will need to obtain those endorsements in addition to your Class B CDL license.
1. Age Requirement: You must be at least 18 years of age to obtain a Class B CDL license in South Dakota.
2. Valid Driver's License: You must have a valid South Dakota driver's license.
3. Medical Requirements: You must meet the medical requirements set forth by the Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration (FMCSA). This includes passing a physical exam and providing a Medical Examiner's Certificate.
4. Knowledge Tests: You must pass knowledge tests that evaluate your understanding of the rules and regulations of commercial driving, including general knowledge, air brakes, and any other applicable endorsement tests that you may need based on the type of vehicle you plan to operate.
5. Learner's Permit: You must obtain a commercial driver's learner's permit (CLP) and hold it for at least 14 days before taking the skills test.
6. Skills Tests: You must pass the skills tests which evaluate your ability to safely operate a commercial motor vehicle. The skills test will include three parts: pre-trip inspection, basic vehicle control, and on-road driving.
7. Background Check: You will need to pass a background check which includes providing your driving history for the past 10 years.
Once you have met these requirements, you can apply for your Class B CDL license at your local South Dakota Driver Licensing Office.
If you are between the ages of 18 and 20, you may only operate a commercial motor vehicle within the state of South Dakota. You are also prohibited from transporting hazardous materials or operating a commercial vehicle that is designed to transport more than 15 passengers (including the driver).
If you are 21 years of age or older, you may operate a commercial vehicle across state lines and transport hazardous materials, provided that you have obtained the necessary endorsements on your CDL.
The following are some common endorsements for a Class B CDL license:
1. Air Brakes Endorsement: This endorsement is required if the vehicle you plan to drive is equipped with air brakes.
2. Passenger Endorsement: This endorsement is required if you plan to drive a vehicle designed to transport more than 15 passengers (including the driver).
3. School Bus Endorsement: This endorsement is required if you plan to drive a school bus.
4. Hazardous Materials Endorsement: This endorsement is required if you plan to transport hazardous materials.
5. Tanker Endorsement: This endorsement is required if you plan to transport liquids or gases in bulk containers with a capacity of 1,000 gallons or more.
To obtain an endorsement on your Class B CDL license, you must pass a knowledge test specific to the type of endorsement you are seeking and meet any other requirements set forth by the South Dakota Department of Public Safety.
1. Pre-Trip Inspection: You will be asked to perform a pre-trip inspection of your vehicle to ensure that it is in proper working order and safe for operation. You will be required to identify and explain the various parts of the vehicle and demonstrate that you know how to check them for safety.
2. Basic Vehicle Control: You will be asked to demonstrate your ability to control the vehicle in various maneuvers, such as backing up in a straight line, turning, and parking.
3. On-Road Driving: You will be asked to drive the vehicle on public roads while the examiner observes your driving skills, including your ability to perform safe lane changes, turns, stops, and merges.
To pass the Class B CDL skills test, you must demonstrate that you can operate the commercial motor vehicle safely and correctly in all three parts of the test. It's important to note that the specific requirements for the skills test may vary depending on the type of vehicle you plan to operate, so be sure to check with the South Dakota Department of Public Safety for detailed information on what will be required for your specific situation.
1. Automatic Transmission Restriction: If you take your skills test in a vehicle with an automatic transmission, you will be restricted to driving vehicles with an automatic transmission only.
2. Air Brake Restriction: If you do not pass the air brakes knowledge test or the skills test in a vehicle equipped with air brakes, you will be restricted from operating vehicles equipped with air brakes.
3. Passenger Vehicle Restriction: If you do not pass the passenger vehicle knowledge test or the skills test in a passenger vehicle, you will be restricted from operating vehicles designed to transport more than 15 passengers.
4. Hazardous Materials Endorsement Restriction: If you do not pass the hazardous materials knowledge test or do not meet the requirements for obtaining a hazardous materials endorsement, you will be restricted from transporting hazardous materials.
5. Medical Certification Restriction: If you do not meet the medical certification requirements set forth by the Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration (FMCSA), your CDL may be downgraded to a non-commercial license or suspended.
It's important to understand that these restrictions and limitations may vary depending on your specific situation and the state in which you hold your CDL. Be sure to check with the South Dakota Department of Public Safety for detailed information on any restrictions or limitations that may apply to your Class B CDL license.
However, if you have difficulty reading or understanding English, you may be able to request an interpreter or a translated version of the test. It's best to contact your local South Dakota Driver Licensing Office for more information on this option and to discuss any accommodations that may be available.
It's important to note that even if you are able to take the written test in a language other than English, you will still need to demonstrate your ability to understand and communicate in English when you take the skills test. The skills test includes instructions given by the examiner in English and requires effective communication skills in English while operating a commercial motor vehicle.
To request accommodations for the CDL written test, you will need to complete an Application for Accommodation of Persons with Disabilities form and submit it to the South Dakota Department of Public Safety. The form is available on their website or can be obtained by contacting your local South Dakota Driver Licensing Office.
When completing the application, you will need to provide documentation of your disability and describe the specific accommodations you are requesting. Examples of accommodations that may be available include extended time, use of a reader or scribe, or a separate testing room.
Once your application is reviewed and approved, the South Dakota Department of Public Safety will work with you to arrange for the necessary accommodations during your CDL written test.
It's important to note that there is a fee for each attempt at the CDL written test. If you fail the test, you will need to pay the fee again when you retake it. The current fee for the Class B CDL written test in South Dakota is $8 per attempt.
Before retaking the written test, it's a good idea to review your study materials and identify areas where you need additional practice. You may also want to consider taking a CDL practice test or enrolling in a CDL training program to improve your knowledge and skills.
If you pass the written test, you will be eligible to move on to the skills test, which includes a pre-trip inspection, basic vehicle control, and on-road driving portions.